The Northern Campaign

Mr. Steven P. Diem

Joshua 11

I.       The Northern Campaign – Ch. 11

A.    Hazor – 5 miles S.W. of Lake Huleh, 10 N. of Sea of Chinnoreth

1.     Divided into 2 parts

2.     Citadel in south, 120 feet high – 25 acres

3.     Lower city – 175 acres

4.     Leader of the North after Battle of Magiddo

1)     Kadesh on Orontes was leader 1479

2)     Egyptians under Thutmose III invade Canaan

3)     Both sides meet at Magiddo

4)     Egyptians win the day

5)     Egypt is later devastated by God in Exodus

6)     Leadership passes to Hazor

7)     1st battle we have found outside the Bible

5.     Again rises in Jud. 4:2

6.     1 Kings 9:15

7.     2 Kings 15:29

8.     Jabin is their king

9.     After the Southern conquest

10.  Communication is slow at this time

11.  Jabin sends for help

B.    His Allies

1.     Madon

1)     Jobab is its’ king

2)     5 miles east of the Sea of Galilee

2.     Shimron

1)     Josh. 19:15

2)     Not much else is known

3)     West of the Sea of Galilee

3.     Achshaph

1)     A few miles S.E. of Acco (Acre), North of Mt. Carmel

2)     Assigned to Asher – Josh. 19:24-25

4.     All the Northern kings

1)     In the mountains

2)     Plains south of Chinnaroth – Jordan Valley

3)     Lowlands – central valley of Esdralong – Magiddo

4)     Heights of Dor – Josh. 17:11; Jud. 1:27; 1 Kings 4:11

(1)  Are on the coast up to Mt. Carmel

(2)  Not occupied by Israel

5)     All the different people in the land left

(1)  Hivites below Mt. Herman, not Gibeon

(2)  Canaanites are not mentioned east and west

(3)  Land of Mizpah – Gen. 31:45-50

5.     Gathering at waters of Merom

1)     All the people groups are left in the land

2)     All their armies

3)     As the sands of the seashore

4)     Chariots – multi-wheel vehicle drawn by horses, 2 or more people in the back

(1)  Gen. 41:43; 50:9

(2)  Ex. 14:7-15:19

(3)  1 Sam. 13:5

(4)  2 Sam. 8:4 – Intro. By David

(5)  1 Kings 1:5; 9:19; 10:26-29; 11:9; 22:34

(6)  2 Kings 2:11; 23:30; 6:17

(7)  Ps. 68:17 – power

(8)  Naham 2:3-4; Hab. 3:8; Song. 1:9; 6:12; 3:9-10

(9)  Is. 2:7; 22:18; 31:12 – Don’t trust in them.

(10)         Deut. 17:16 – not to multiply horses

(11)         Acts 8:28-29, 38; Rev. 18:13

(12)         Use as an offensive weapon to hurl javelin or shoot arrows – no good for defense

(13)         Read note*

(14)         Last used by Britons against the Romans at the time of Claudius – gave way toCavalry

5)     All the kings meet together – similar to the last battle at Gibeon.

6)     Camp away from Israel at waters of Merom

(1)  Near the Sea of Chinneroth

(2)  Only time mentioned in the Bible

(3)  Don’t make the mistake that Adoni-Zedek

(4)  Must be flat to use the chariots

(5)  Meeting to fight

II.     Israel’s reaction

A.    The Lord’s reassurance

1.     Speaks to Joshua directly

2.     Don’t be afraid? Josh. 8:1; 10:8

3.     Tomorrow the battle takes place

4.     God will deliver the enemy

5.     They will be slain

6.     Hamstring the horses

1)     Read note

2)     2 Sam. 8:4

3)     Why?

7.     Burn their chariots

1)     Never be used again against Israel

2)     Israel would not trust in them

3)     Israel may not trust in the Lord

B.    Joshua follows the Lord

1.     All Israel’s fighters

2.     A surprise attack

3.     This one for all the marbles

4.     Israel takes the initiative

5.     The LORD – Jehovah – covenant name

6.     He delivers the enemy into Israel’s hand

7.     God doesn’t tell them a battle plan

8.     We don’t know exactly how the battle was won

9.     Not only win but chase them

1)     To Greater Sidon or (Zidon)

2)     On Med. Coast from Dor to Aarvad

3)     Between Beirut and Tyre

4)     Chief city of Phoenicia

5)     Occupied city-states on the coast

6)     Known as seafaring people

7)     Purple dye

8)     Alphabet

9)     Founded many colonies – Carthage

10) No political significance in history

11) Sidonians in the Bible

(1)  Descended from Canaan thru Sidon – Gen. 10:15

(2)  Part of Phoenicia – Matt. 15:21-22; Mark 7:24, 26

(3)  Dwell on the sea coast – Luke 6:17; Acts 27:3

(4)  Ruled by kings – Jer. 25:22; 27:3

(5)  Careless and secure – Jud. 18:7

(6)  Idolatrous – 1 Kings 11:5

(7)  Wicked – Matt. 11:21-22

(8)  Engaged in extensive commerce – Is. 23:1-2

(9)  Good sailors – Ezek. 27:8

(10)         Supply timber from Lebanon – 1 Chr. 22:4; Ezra 3:7

(11)         Territory given to Israel – Gen. 49:13

(12)         Jesus visits area – Matt. 15:21

(13)         Israel doesn’t drive them out – Jud. 1:31, 33

(14)         Hostile and oppressive to Israel – Jud. 10:12; Ezek. 28:22, 24; Joel 3:5-6

(15)         Solomon marries one – 1 Kings 11:1

(16)         Ahab marries one (Jezebel) – 1 Kings 16:31

(17)         Israel imitates their idolatry – Jud. 10:6; 1 Kings 11:31-33

(18)         Prophesies of destruction

(a)   Given to Babylon & Nebuchad. – Jer. 27:2-6

(b)  Judged with other nations – Jer. 25:16-17, 22; Ezek. 32:30

(c)   Helpers to be cut off – Jer. 47:4

(d)  God glorified in its judgement – Ezek. 28:21-24

(e)   Violence will be repaid in full – Joel 3:4-8

(19)         Many listened to Jesus – Mark 3:1-8

(20)         Had a problem with Herod Agrippa I – Acts 12:20

C.    Misrephoth Maim

1.     Literally burning waters

2.     Between Hazor and the Med. Sea

D.    Valley of Mizpah

1.     Valley North of Sea of Galilee

2.     North east of battle field

3.     Enemy went in all directions north

E.     Slays all of them – no major force left in Canaan – vs. 6

F.     Joshua follows instruction completely

1.     Hamstring all horses

2.     Burns chariots – never used again by anyone

3.     Not like King Saul and Amaleck – 1 Sam. 15:9-11, 22-23

4.     Total military victory – rare feet

III.   Finishing the Fight – vs. 10-15

A.    Hazor destroyed

1.     After the army is dead

2.     Israel had divided to pursue

3.     Joshua takes Hazor – don’t know how long

4.     Kills the people with the sword, even Jabin

5.     All are killed – men, women, and children – Deut. 20:16; Josh. 10:40

6.     Strike the head of the north

7.     Hazor was the leader, not anymore

8.     Destroys it with fire

B.    The North subdued

1.     All the cities – the ones who fought against Israel – Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Hivites, Jebusites, Perizzites

2.     All the kings with their people

3.     Joshua takes them

4.     It is a long campaign – many cities taken – ch. 13:1

5.     List is in chapter 12

6.     As Moses – servant of the Lord commanded – Josh. 24:29; Rom. 1:1; Jam. 1:1; 2 Pet. 1:1, Jude 1

1)     Num. 33:50-56

2)     Moses had no real title other than this

(1)  Josh. 1:1,2

(2)  Num. 12:6-8

(3)  Moses is just the leader

(4)  Deut. 33:1; 34:10-12; Num. 12:3 – humble

7.     Did not destroy the cities except Hazor

8.     They could use the cities, made an example of Hazor

1)     Only Jericho, Ai, and Hazor were destroyed

2)     They would be rebuilt

9.     Israel keeps the stuff – became rich quickly

10.  Kept the animals for themselves – Deut. 20:10-18

11.  Left no person alive in the cities taken

12.  Joshua obeys completely what the Lord commanded Moses

1)     Ex. 34:10-17

2)     Deut. 3:7-8

3)     Josh. 1:7

IV.  What God has wrought – vs. 16-23

A.    The extent of the conquest

1.     The mountain country – south opposite Dead Sea (southern campaign)

2.     All the South – Negev to Kadesh Barnea (southern campaign)

3.     All of Goshen – Philistine plain and Sharon

4.     The lowlands – Shephelah – between plain and mountains

5.     The Jordan plain – central and northern campaign

6.     The mountains of Israel – central area

7.     Northern lowlands

8.     Mt. Halak – (could be modern Jebelel-Madora between the south end of Dead Sea and the Wed Gaian(?)

1)     Near Mt. Seir 0 Edom

2)     Southeast extent

3)     Means smooth or bald mountain

4)     Only mentioned in ch. 12:7

9.     Baal Gad – also called Baal-Herman (Jud. 3:3, 1 Chr. 5:23)

1)     In Mt. Lebanon

2)     Northwest border

3)     Below Mt. Herman

4)     Josh. 12:7, 13:5 – unsure of location

B.    Did they take all the cities of the land?

1.     Ex. 23:20-23

2.     God was testing them

3.     To see if they would remain obedient

4.     To test each generation

5.     The land would not be empty and dangerous

C.    No one who was against Israel survived

D.    Joshua fights a long time

1.     Not a quick finish

2.     No specific time given – Josh. 14:10 - about 7 years

3.     No specific cities or kings listen

4.     No one makes peack with Israel

1)     Except Gibeon

2)     All others fight

3)     God hardens their hearts

(1)  Ex. 4:2, 7:14, 22, 8:15, 9:34-55, 10:1-2 (10 times God, 10 times Pharaoh)

(2)  Deut. 2:30

(3)  Ezek. 3:7

(4)  Mark 10:5

(5)  Rom. 2:5

(6)  Who was responsible for this – Gen. 15:12-16

(7)  When judgement comes – reprobation

(8)  God would utterly destroy them

(9)  They would receive no mercy

(10)         Fulfilling God’s command to Moses

E.     The Anakim

1.     During this time of the conquest

2.     This is an overview of Caleb’s conquest

3.     Joshua is the overall leader

4.     More details are in Josh. 14:6-15

5.     Who are the anakim

1)     Sons of Anak

2)     Arba was the father of Anak – Josh. 15:13

3)     Arba founded Hebron – Kiriath Arba

4)     Anakim are giants

(1)  Num. 13:22, 33

(2)  Deut. 1:28

(3)  Other giants

(a)   Gen. 6:4 – also called Nephalim

(b)  Raphaim or Raphaites – Gen. 14:5, 15:20; Josh. 12:4

(c)   Emims – Deut. 2:10-11

(d)  Zumzummim – Deut. 2:20-22

(4)  Giants that are named

(a)   Og of Bashan – Josh. 12:4; Deut. 3:11

(b)  Goliath – 1 Sam. 17:4-7

(c)   Ishbi-Benob – 2 Sam. 21:15-17

(d)  Saph – 2 Sam. 21:18

(e)   Goliath’s brother Lahmi – 2 Sam. 21:19; 1 Chron. 20:5

(f)    Giant with 12 fingers – 2 Sam. 21:20-21

5)     The 3 cities

(1)  Hebron – attacked again

(2)  Debix – taken again

(3)  Anab – S.E. of Debir, S.W. of Hebron

(4)  Why did they have to go back?

(a)   Ch. 10 – Hebron was conquered

(b)  Why didn’t they get caught the first time?

(c)   Just speculation

6)     Drove them out of the whole land they occupied

7)     Only in Gaza, Gath, Ashdod

(1)  Gaza

(a)   Early period – Gen. 10:19; Deut. 2:23

(b)  Jud. 1:18 – Judah conquered but not occupied

(c)   Philistine city – Jud. 13:1, 16:1, 3, 21

(d)  Israel’s rule – 1 Kings 4:24; 2 Kings 18:8

(e)   Prophesies – Amos 1:6; Jer. 47:1; Zeph. 2:4; Zech. 9:5

(2)  Gath – 1 Sam. 5:8; 6:7; 21:10; 27:2; 2 Sam. 1:20 (?); 15:18; 21:22; 2 Kings 12:17; 1 Chron. 18:1; 2 Chron. 26:6

(a)   Gittites – 2 Sam. 6:8-11; 15:18

(3)  Ashdod – 1 Sam. 5:1, 27; 6:17; 2 Chron. 26:6; Neh. 4:7;  13:23; Is 20:1; Jer. 25:20, Amos 1:8; Zeph. 2:4; Azotus – Acts 8:40

F.     Joshua will divide the land to the 9 ½ tribes

G.    The land will rest from war – for now

Site Home | Sermon Home | Studies Home